What is Logical Reasoning?
Logical reasoning consists of aptitude questions which require a logical level of analysis to arrive at the correct solution. Most of the questions are constructed based on concepts and the rest are out of the box thinking ones.
Logical reasoning is classified into two types:
- Verbal Reasoning: It is the ability to logically understand the concepts and solve problems expressed in words. Verbal reasoning tests the ability of extraction of information and implications in a sentence.
- Non-verbal Reasoning: It is the ability to logically understand the concepts and solve problems expressed in numbers/letters/figures in combination with words. Non-verbal reasoning tests the ability of deduction and induction of logic of information and implications in a problem.
The logical reasoning section is one such, which is included in almost all major Government exams. A large part of reasoning syllabus can be divided into the two above-mentioned types.
Steps To Solve Logical Reasoning Based Questions
Listed below are some of the steps to solve Logical Reasoning questions and answers:
- Read and understand the information carefully.
- Analyze critical logical information.
- Think of all the possible solutions.
- Compare the answer obtained with other possibilities.
- Come to a correct logical conclusion.
The topics included in the logical reasoning section comprise of the following type of questions:
- Verbal Questions – These type of questions can be solved verbally and no pen-paper solution is required
- Image-Based Questions – Mirror images or paper construction based images may be given in the question and candidates may be asked to find similar or dissimilar figures
- Puzzle Questions – This includes seating arrangement or arranging people/days/months/places, etc. in different formats
- Sequence Questions – In such questions a series or sequence of people/numbers/alphabets, etc. may be given and questions based on the same may be asked
For more information on the different topics, you can check the linked pages below.
1. ‘Dhaka’ is related to ‘Bangladesh’, in the same way as ‘Tokyo’ is related to ….
A. UK B. Afghanistan
C. France D. Japan
2. ‘Smell is to ‘forest’, in the same way as ‘Grass’ is related to
A. Tongue B. Water
C. Sweet D. Food
3. ‘Tree’ is related to ‘Patient’, in the same way as ‘Grass’ is related to …… .
A. Lawn B. Garden
C. Park D. Field
4. ‘Doctor’ is Related to ‘Patient’, in the same way as ‘Lawyer’ is related to….
A. Customer B. Criminal
C. Magistrate D. client
5. ‘Konkani’ is related to ‘Goa’, in the same way as ‘Dogri’ is related to …. .
A. Madhya Pradesh B. Odisha
C. Jammu and Kashmir D. Gujarat
Directions (Q. Nos. 6-10) in the following question, choose the word which will replace the question mark (?).
6. Count : Justice : : School : ?
A. Teacher B. Student
C. Education D. Principle
7. Hot : Oven : : Cold : ?
A. Ice cream B. Air Conditioner
C. Snow D. Story writer
8. Newspaper : Editor : : Film : ?
A. Actor B. Producer
C. Director D. Story Writer
9. Cobbler : Shoe : : Carpenter : ?
A. Wood B. Furniture
C. Iron D. Gold
10. Pleasure : Sorrow : : Right : ?
A. Wrong B. Wonderful
C. Happy D. Sure
Directions (Q. Nos. 11-14) in each of the following questions, choose the number which will replace the question mark (?).
11. 1, 2, 4, 7 : 3, 4, 6, 9 :: ? : 2, 3, 5, 8
A. 0, 1, 3, 6 B. 2, 4, 5, 8
C. 1, 3, 4, 7 D. 3, 5, 6, 8
12. 63 : 21 :: 27 : ?
A. 6 B. 9
C. 1 D. 3
13. 100 : 121 :: 144 : ?
A. 160 B. 93
C. 169 D. 426
14. 5 : 125 :: 6 : ?
A. 225 B. 216
C. 400 D. 30
Directions (Q. Nos. 15-20) in each of the following questions, choose the letters’ group which will replace the question mark(?).
15. AFHO : CHFM : : GBDJ : ?
A. GBIM B. GBLD
C. GPLD D. IDBH
16. QTU : ILM : : JMN : ?
A. PSZ B. BEF
C. WZA D. UXB
17. RmpL : LpmR :: ? : AcdG
A. PQnw B. GgdcA
C. GcAd D. GcdA
18. LLm : mIL :: TTs : ?
A. sTL B. STT
C. Tts D. stT
19. EGIK : LJHE : : SUWY : ?
A. ZXVT B. TVXZ
C. LNPR D. MOQS
20. F : 216 :: L : ?
A. 1728 B. 1700
C. 1600 D. 1723