NDA-National Defence Academy

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About NDA

The National Defence Academy (NDA) is the joint defence service training institute of the Indian Armed Forces, where cadets of the three services i.e. the Indian Army, the Indian Navy and the Indian Air Force train together before they go on to respective service academy for further pre-commission training.
The NDA is located in Khadakwasla, Pune, Maharashtra. It is the first tri-service academy in the world.

About NDA Exam 2022 –

Name: National Defence Academy Exam and Naval Academy Examination

Exam Level: National level

Frequency: Twice a year

Stages: The exam is conducted in two stages, written and SSB interviews

Mode: Offline

Conducting Board: The NDA examination is conducted by UPSC

Written Examination Duration: The total time allotted for written examination is 5 hours,

  • 5 hours for mathematics and 2.5 hours for GAT
  • Language: ​English and Hindi

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NDA 2022: Eligibility

Candidates who want to apply for the NDA examination must strictly fulfil the criteria laid out by the Indian Government. First thing first, their citizenship must be one of the following types:

  1. A citizen of India
  2. A resident of Nepal
  • A resident of Bhutan
  1. A Tibetian refugee who came to India before 1 June 1962 intending to permanently settle in India
  2. Any person of Indian origin who migrated from Pakistan, Malaysia, Sri Lanka, and East African countries like Ethiopia, Malawi, Zaire, Vietnam, or Zambia and have the intention to settle in India permanently. They have to provide a certificate in favour of their migration.

Educational Qualification Requirements

The educational qualification is not the same for all NDA academic streams; it is different for different courses.

To apply for the army, a candidate has to pass the 12th standard or HSC examination of school education in 10+2 format or any other examination which is equivalent to the HSC examination from a recognised board or a university.

To apply for the Air Force, Navy or Naval academy of NDA, a student has to pass the 12th standard or HSC examination with a 10+2 format from a recognized State Education Board with Physics and Mathematics.

Physical Criteria for Selection

For admission to the National Defence Academy (NDA) and Naval Academy (NA) Examinations (I) and (II), 2022, candidates must be physically and intellectually fit. Every year, a considerable number of candidates fail the medical exam. As a result, applicants are urged to get a medical assessment before applying for the exam.

Under-sized Chest, Wax (ears), Deviated Nasal Septum, Overweight/ Underweight, Piles and Tonsillitis are among the minor defects/ailments that aspirants should address.

Exceptions – Female candidates must be at least 152 cm tall to be accepted for the Armed Forces. Gorkhas and applicants from India’s North-Eastern Hills, Garhwal, and Kumaon will be admitted if they are at least 148 cm tall. Candidates who are under the age of 18 at the time of the examination will be given a growth allowance of 02 cm.

The Flying Branch requires a minimum height of 163 cm. Ground Duty branches will have a minimum height requirement of 157.5 cm.

The minimum acceptable height for Gorkhas and those from India’s north-eastern areas and Uttarakhand’s mountainous districts would be 5 cm lower (152.5 cm). The minimum allowable height for applicants from Lakshadweep might be decreased by 2 cm (155.5 cm).

The following table includes the minimum requirements for heights of candidates who belong to different regions.

Sl. No. Category Minimum Height Required for Male Candidates
1. Height requirement for tribals belonging to Ladakh 155 cm
2. Height requirement for people belonging to the Andaman and Nicobar, Lakshadweep, and Minicoy Islands 155 cm
3. Height requirement for people belonging to Gorkhaland, Nepal, Assam, Garhwal, Kumaon, and Uttarakhand 152 cm
4. Height requirement for people belonging to Bhutan, Sikkim, and the Northeast Region 152 cm

Vision Standards

The acceptable distance vision (corrected) is 6/6 in the better eye and 6/9 in the worse eye.

Maximum myopia allowed is 2.5 D.

Hypermetropia including astigmatism is allowed till 3.5 D.

Spectacles are a strict no for Indian Air Force candidates.

The visual standards for the Indian Navy and Indian Air Force are as follows:

Specifications Air Force Naval
Uncorrected without glass 6/6, 6/9 6/6
Corrected with glass 6/6 (only for Hypermetropia) 6/6
Astigmatism +0.75 Cyl (within + 2.0 D.Max)
Limits of Hypermetropia +2.00 D Sph +1.5
Limits of Myopia Nil -0.75
Limits of Colour Perception Nil re I
Binocular Vision Nil III
Near Vision N-5 each eye
Colour Vision CP-I (MLT)
Retinoscopic Myopia 0.5

Tattoos Guidelines

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Permanent body tattoos are allowed only on the inner side of the forearms out of the whole body.

UPSC has strictly banned tattoos on the inside of the elbow to the wrist and the backside of the hand.

Relaxation will be given to a candidate if they belong to a tribe where it is customary to have a tattoo.

Age Limit

Candidates who were born between July 02, 2003, and July 01, 2006, are eligible to take the NDA 1 2022 exam.

Candidates born between January 02, 2002, and January 01, 2005, are eligible to take the NDA 2 2022 test.

The date of birth must be written exactly as it appears on the matriculation certificate, secondary school leaving certificate, or any other similar certification recognised by the Indian University. The commission will not accept any other document as verification of date of birth.

Sex and Marital Status

Till 2022, only unmarried male candidates could apply for the NDA exam, but now even unmarried female aspirants can also participate in the NDA 2022 exam, as per the latest ruling of the Supreme Court.

During the selection process and until the programme is finished, both male and female candidates must be single.

An applicant will not be chosen if they marry before completing training.

If a candidate gets married while undergoing training, he or she will be fired and held accountable for the government’s whole training expense.

Important Dates of NDA Exam 2022

It is the UPSC that declares the important dates of the NDA exam. Students can get updated information both on the official website of the UPSC as well as here, on this page.

Important Dates of NDA 1 Examination 2022

According to the UPSC 2022 calendar, here’s what the schedule of the NDA 2022 examination looks like:

Events Dates Things to do
Notification for NDA 1  exam December 22, 2021 The schedule for NDA 1, 2022 was published. Students must go through it.
The application form opening December 22, 2021 Registration started for the written examination of the NDA 1 examination.
Last date for application January 11, 2022. Online application forms should be submitted within the deadline.
Withdrawal of application 18 January 2022 – 24 January 2022 Candidates who don’t want to apply can withdraw their application.
Admit card March 14, 2022 Candidates will get their admit cards 3 weeks before the NDA examination 1, on UPSC’s website. Aspirants will have to log in and download the admit card from the site.
Written examination April 10, 2022 The examination will take place in two shifts (morning- 10.00 am to 12:30 pm, and afternoon –          2.00 pm to 4:30 pm) and will be conducted in 41 cities.
Declaration of written result May 2022 The results will be published online. Roll numbers of the shortlisted candidates will be given in PDF format.
SSB Interview July to September 2022 Shortlisted candidates will have to attend the SSB interview in 2 stages.

Important Dates of NDA 2 Examination 2022

Events Dates Things To Do
Notification for NDA 2 examination 18th May 2022 Notification for the NDA 2 examination 2022 will be published.
Application form 18th May 2022 The application form for NDA 2 examination will be made available online along with the notification.
The last date for submission of the application form 14th June 2022 Application forms should be submitted within the deadline.
Admit card August 2022 Registered candidates can get their admit cards online from UPSC’s website.
Written examination 4th September 2022 The examination will be conducted in two shifts.
Result for written exam October 2022 Results for the NDA 2 examination 2022 will be published online.
SSB Interview January 2023 to April 2023 SSB interview will be conducted in 2 stages.
Final result May 2023 NDA 2 final result will be announced in May 2022.

Selection Procedure of NDA 2022 Exam

Application Form: Candidates have to fill out an online application form with a fee of Rs 100. They can pay this amount either online or via offline mode. The rejected applications will be notified after the submission of the application form gets closed. The candidates who don’t want to go ahead with the admission can withdraw their application within the given timeframe.

Release of the Admit Card: By the midweek of August, i.e., 3 weeks before the examination, candidates can get their admit card on the website. No hard copy of the admit card is sent to their mailing address. Candidates have to log in and download the admit cards from the website by providing their roll or registration number.

Written Examination: The written examination of NDA 1 will be a total of 900 marks. There will be two subjects: Mathematics and General Ability Test or GAT.

The Mathematics syllabus comprises Algebra, Matrices, Trigonometry, Determinants, Statistics, Probability, Vector Algebra, Differential Calculus, and Analytical Geometry with two and three dimensions.

The General Ability Test or GAT Syllabus for NDA Exam comprises subjects like English, General Knowledge, Physics, Chemistry, General Science, Geography, Current Events, etc.

There will be 150 objective-type questions in GAT and 120 objective-type questions in the Mathematics paper. The languages in which candidates can give the NDA written examination are English and Hindi. The total duration of the exam will be 5 hours – 2.5 hours for Mathematics and 2.5 for the GAT examination.

The candidates have to score a minimum of around 25 per cent marks in each subject to be able to sit for the SSB interview.

Result of the Written Examination: The result of the written examination will be published online, in which the roll numbers of the qualified candidates will be given.

SSB Interview: The SSB interview is an intelligence and personality test for the aspirants. It is conducted in two stages. In the first stage, candidates have to report to the selection centre or Air force selection boards or Naval selection boards.

The candidates who qualify for this round can take part in Round 2. In this round, the candidates have to provide their birth certificate and pass certificate.

Final Selection: After going through all the above-mentioned procedures, the selected candidates will get a chance for admission to the Army, Navy, Air force of NDA, and INAC. The final result for the NDA 1 examination 2022 will be published online. The allocation will be done on the basis of the vacancy and the eligibility, fitness, and merit cum preferences of the selected candidates.

Previous Years’ NDA Cutoffs

Here is a table with previous years’ NDA cutoffs. This will give you an insight into what you can expect from the NDA 2022 exam cutoff.

Year NDA 1 cutoff (written exam, 900 marks) NDA 1 cutoff (final, 1800 marks) NDA 2 cutoff (written exam, 900 marks) NDA 2 cutoff (final, 1800 marks)
2021 343 709 355 719
2020 355 723 346 709
2019 342 704 325 688
2018 338 705 258 624
2017 342 708 229 602

How Many Seats are There in the NDA 2022 Exam?

In 2022, 400 seats in the National Defence Academy will be filled through the NDA 2022 Exam. Among these, 42 are for the Navy, 120 are for Air Force (28 ground duties), 208 vacancies are for Army, and the remaining 30 are for Naval Academy.

Guidelines for the NDA Examination 2022

Candidates have to follow some guidelines for the NDA Examination 2022. These are discussed below.

Candidates have to carry their admit card and a photo id proof along with them.

Candidates can carry a clipboard with them.

Candidates will have to bring a black ball pen for the written examination.

Any kind of books, notes, loose sheets, instruments, electronic gadgets, calculators, log tables, and slide rules will be not allowed.

Any kind of misconduct of a candidate can cancel their candidature.

No cheating will be allowed during the examination.

Preparation Tips for NDA Exam 2022

Before beginning your UPSC NDA study, it is critical to have a thorough awareness of all aspects of the exam. Read the official announcement thoroughly to grasp the paper pattern and curriculum. Examine prior-year papers and cutoffs to have a solid knowledge of what to expect in the test.

After you’ve gone through the syllabus and prior year papers, make a study plan to cover the whole course thoroughly. Make sure your study plan includes enough revision time. Develop conceptual clarity for each topic covered in the course and put it to the test with sectional exams.

Revision is essential for passing any exam! Make repeated revisions of everything you’ve learned to improve conceptual understanding and idea retention.

Mock tests are the most effective instrument for assessing your performance in the UPSC NDA. Hence, write a sufficient number of mock tests at regular intervals. Perform a drill-down study to determine your strengths and shortcomings.

Defence forces require candidates to be physically fit to carry out the demanding duties entrusted to them. As a result, maintain a balanced lifestyle and an exercise plan to stay physically fit and active.

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